English: Three sisters in Katoomba in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales
Source Own work
Katoomba is the most visited town in the Blue Mountains. It wasn’t until 1879 that the town of Katoomba became known when J.B. North opened the Katoomba Coal Mine. Coal was obtained from the side of the mountain near Orphan Rock using a cable car to bring the coal to the top. The now famous Scenic Railway operates in the original cutting in the mountain side.
The Scenic Railway is the steepest railway incline in the world and is now one of the most popular man-made tourist attractions in Australia. The ride takes you down the steep descent past Orphan Rock, through a tunnel and the beautiful fern-damp cliff face.
Adjacent to the Scenic Railway is the new Sceniscender, the steepest aerial cable car in Australia. The Sceniscender takes you on a 545 metre ride into the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area rainforest of the Jamison valley. Also at the same site is the magnificent Scenic Skyway.
The original Skyway was Australia’s first cable Skyway for passengers and was built in 1958. The new Skyway can carry up to 84 passengers across the Jamison Valley at a height of 200 metres. The views are breathtaking.
From the Scenic Railway west along Cliff Drive you will discover Eaglehawk Lookout and Landslide Lookout. Nearby is the Katoomba Christian Convention Centre. Further along Cliff Drive take a walk to Narrow Neck lookout. There is also Cahills Lookout to experience overlooking the magnificent Megalong Valley.
Driving east along Cliff Drive from the Scenic Railway you can discover the Cascades and walk to Katoomba Falls. Take Prince Henry Cliff Walk to Cliff View Lookout, Wollumai Lookout, Allambie Lookout and Lady Darly Lookout within Lilianfels Park offering Picnic and BBQ facilities.
A visit to the Blue Mountains would not be complete without viewing the spectacular Three Sisters at Echo Point. Directions to the Three Sisters are well signposted. Either take Katoomba Street or Lurline Street to Echo Point Road. The Three Sisters is approximately 2.5 kilometres from the Great Western Highway or Katoomba Railway Station. While the Blue Mountains features so much more than this natural attraction you can’t help but admire the unquestionable beauty of this amazing rock formation.
The character of the Three Sisters changes throughout the day and throughout the seasons as the sunlight brings out the magnificent colours.
The Three Sisters is also floodlit at night looking even more stunning set against the black background of the night sky. For those wishing to know more about the Three Sisters, the Aboriginal Dream Time Stories are well worth a read.
The famous Giant Stairway is also found at Echo Point. If you are enthusiastic and energetic, you can take the 800 steps down to the floor of the valley. The Katoomba Visitor Information Centre is located at Echo Point where you can experience the spectacular views as well as an up close view of Rosellas feeding on sunflower seed. The Centre has many Australian gifts for sale and can provide you with a vast array of information on things to do and see within the area, and how to get there.
Back in the centre of town, the first hotel in Katoomba was erected in 1882 by Mr. Harry Rowell.
Known as the ‘Great Western Hotel’, this establishment attracted many visitors to the area. The hotel was sold in 1886 to Mr. F. Goyder who performed major alterations on the building and renamed it "The Carrington" after the reigning Governor.
The Carrington has recently undergone a major renovation and re-opened to the public in 1998.
On the north side of the Great Western Highway you will find the Head Office of the Blue Mountains City Council, the Renaissance Centre and The Edge Cinema. The Edge has one of the largest cinema screens in the southern hemisphere.
The screen is six stories high and features its own spectacular Blue Mountains Film ‘The Edge’ which takes you to places in the Blue Mountains which you may never be able to discover yourself. The Edge also features other giant screen movies. In the evening, the cinema also screens the latest feature films in a much larger format than in regular cinemas.
In Katoomba’s North you will find Katoomba Bowling Club, the Showground (on the Great Western Highway), several parks including Melrose Park, Harold Hodgson Park and Burea Park. Off Mort Street you will find the RSPCA animal shelter.
If you drive along Mini Ha-Ha Road you will reach Mini Ha-Ha Reserve and can walk to Mini Ha-Ha Falls within the beautiful Yosemite Park.
Further west in Katoomba along the Great Western Highway is the famous Explorers Marked Tree. Now caged in and sheltered to protect the remains of the tree from weather and vandalism, the tree has the initials of the famous explorers Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson dated 1813.
Just behind the Marked tree at the top of Pulpit Hill you will see around 20 heaps of stones. It is believed that these mark the graves of convicts who died while working on the building of Cox’s Road. This was also the location of many religious services, hence the name Pulpit Hill.
Just near the Explorers Marked Tree down Nellies Glen Road is the start of the famous ‘Six Foot Track’. For the adventurous, this track takes you from Katoomba through to Jenolan Caves taking the route down into Nellies Glen and across the Megalong Valley. Also down Nellies Glen Road you can walk to Pulpit Rock and Boonie Doon Falls.
Katoomba comes alive at night with the many cafes and restaurants in the main street. The only problem is choosing which one you wish to dine in.
Katoomba also features many galleries, with some located on Lurline Street.
Major Festivals in Katoomba include the Six Foot Track Marathon in March, and the Winter Magic Festival in June.
Along the Blue Mountains railway line in 1874, there was an area where stone was quarried to provide ballast. The area was given the name of "Crushes". It was at this point trains stopped to adjust the brakes of the carriages to allow for the descent to Springwood. The name "Crushes" was changed to Katoomba in 1877.
Katoomba is a derivative of the Aboriginal word ‘Kedumba’ meaning ‘shiny, falling waters’ after the natural beauty of the area.