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Columbus Fleet 1893 Issue

Columbus Fleet 1893 Issue

English: US Postage stamps:

Columbian issues of 1893, 3c and 4cDate 1893

Source US Post Office

400th Anniversary Issues of 1893

U.S. stamps reflecting the most commonly held view as to what Columbus’ first fleet might have looked like. The Santa Maria, the flagship of Columbus’ fleet, was a carrack—a merchant ship of between 400 and 600 tons, 75 feet (23 m) long, with a beam of 25 feet (7.6 m), allowing it to carry more people and cargo. It had a deep draft of 6 feet (1.8 m). The vessel had three masts: a mainmast, a foremast, and a mizzenmast. Five sails altogether were attached to these masts. Each mast carried one large sail. The foresail and mainsail were square; the sail on the mizzen was a triangular sail known as a lateen mizzen. The ship had a smaller topsail on the mainmast above the mainsail and on the foremast above the foresail. In addition, the ship carried a small square sail, a spritsail, on the bowsprit.

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Christopher Columbus Arriving at Hispaniola

 

Theodore DeBry engraving

Theodore DeBry engraving

 

This Theodore DeBry engraving shows the first encounter between Europeans and Taínos, the indigenous population of the Caribbean, on the island of Hispaniola (later the Dominican Republic). The engraving consists of a series of trinities.

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Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria

Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria
Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria

Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria

Christopher Columbus departed from Spain on August 3, 1492, on a fleet of three ships: the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. Nina and Pinta were both smaller, sleeker ships, called caravels. Santa Maria was a larger, round-hulled ship, called a nao. Columbus himself sailed on, and piloted, the Santa Maria. Together, the three ships carried about 120 men, equipment and supplies.

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