(b. 1471, Nürnberg, d. 1528, Nürnberg)
Oil on lindenwood, 135 x 123,4 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Inscription: ALBERTVS. DVRER. NORICVS. FACIEBAT. ANNO. A. VIRGINIS. PARTV. 1511
Dürer created this single panel altarpiece for the wealthy merchant Matthäus Landauer. It was for a chapel of an institution founded by the merchant.
The chapel was dedicated to the Holy Trinity. The first sketch for the picture was made in 1508.
The artist depicts himself in the earthly zone in the manner of a secondary portrait.
The client is the only layperson portrayed in the group of clergymen on the left, and he is being received into the heavenly community by a cardinal.
It may be considered as the apotheosis of Durer`s work for the Roman Catholic Church.
Pretzels have been around for almost 1,400 years. History has their origin about A.D. 610 when a baker in a monastery in southern France or northern Italy twisted leftover strips of bread dough into the shape of a person’s arms crossed in prayer, traditional posture for prayer in those days.
Monks began offering the warm, doughy treats to children who had memorized their Bible verses and prayers. They were used to help children understand the Christian Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Ghost. The three empty holes in the pretzel represented the Christian Trinity. The monks called these treats pretiolas, Latin for little rewards.
Queen Esther, King Ahasuerus
The little knotted treat wandered around a while and became known in old high German as Brachiatellium, and then just plain Bretzel or Pretzel. Left: one of the oldest depictions of pretzels in the Hortus Deliciarum of 1190 showing Queen Esther and King Ahasuerus sharing a meal. The king is pointing at the ale cans and dart board not shown in the detail.
Continue reading Pretzel – Trinity symbol
This is a common, ancient, and basic ideogram for a high spiritual dignity.
Continue reading Trinity symbol
Trin’ity. Tertullian (160-240) introduced this word into Christian theology. The word triad is much older. Almost every mythology has a threefold deity. 1
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There are three terms at Cambridge in a year, and four at Oxford, but the two middle Oxford terms are two only in name, as they run on without a break. The three Cambridge terms are Lent, Easter, and Michaelmas. The four Oxford terms are Lent, Easter + Trinity, and Michaelmas.
Continue reading Cambridge and Oxford – Term time